There has been a surge in cyberespionage attacks levied by Cozy Bear (aka APT29 and Nobelium), a Russian cyberespionage group backed by the Russian government.
The cybersecurity analysts at Mandiant affirmed that to gain access to foreign policy information in NATO countries, Cozy Bear targets Microsoft 365 accounts in those countries.
There are a number of people who use Microsoft 365 as a cloud-based productivity suite, including the following:-
- Business and enterprise entities
- Facilitating collaboration
- Data storage
In addition to continually demonstrating exceptional operational security, the Russian group has continued to conceal the methods of attacking their targets from analysts, preventing their discovery and exposure.
Targeting Microsoft 365
There is a security feature known as “Purview Audit” that users of a higher-level license of Microsoft 365 are entitled to use. The following information is logged each time an email is accessed independently of an enabled program:-
- User agents
- IP addresses
Hackers disable the Purview Audit feature on a compromised account before opening the mail folder of a targeted user to evade audits.
The APT29 also enables users to self-enroll in Azure Active Directory (AD) for multifactor authentication (MFA) using a form provided by Azure.
The Russian hackers traversed the domain and enrolled their devices with MFA using brute force attacks on usernames and passwords.
This type of authentication fulfills the security provisions that are required for the use of a VPN infrastructure hosted by the organization that is compromised. As a result, the breached network allows APT29 to roam freely without restriction.
The APT group uses compromised accounts to be able to use Azure Virtual Machines as part of their strategy to hide their tracks. By mixing malicious activity with legitimate Azure AD admin activity, APT29 further obfuscates its intentions.
It is believed that they have started collecting emails from targeted mailboxes in the tenant by using the account with ApplicationImpersonation rights and backdooring a service principal.
Whether these subscriptions were purchased or compromised by nation-state actors is unclear. Russian hacking group Cozy Bear (aka APT29) is among the most skilled in the world.
Despite putting extreme emphasis on strict operational security standards in the past, APT29 has developed its technical tradecraft in recent years.
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